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State of Japan
Shinjitai : 日本国
Kyujitai: 日本國
Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku
Flag Imperial Seal
Play sound
Kimi ga Yo instrumental.ogg

Kimigayo (君が代?)
Government Seal:
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
Paulownia (五七桐 Go-Shichi no Kiri?)
(and largest city)
Tokyo (de facto)
35°41′N 139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official language(s) None[1]
Recognised regional languages Aynu itak, Eastern Japanese, Western Japanese, Ryukyuan, and several other Japanese dialects
National language

National Scripts


Ethnic groups  98.5% Japanese, 0.5% Korean, 0.4% Chinese, 0.6% other[2]
Demonym Japanese
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor Akihito
 -  Prime Minister Naoto Kan (DPJ)
Legislature National Diet
 -  Upper House House of Councillors
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
 -  National Foundation Day February 11, 660 BC[3] 
 -  Meiji Constitution November 29, 1890 
 -  Current constitution May 3, 1947 
 -  Treaty of
San Francisco

April 28, 1952 
 -  Total 377,944 km2 [4](61st)
145,925 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.8
 -  2010 estimate 127,360,000[5] (10th)
 -  2004 census 127,333,002 
 -  Density 337.1/km2 (36th)
873.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $4.267 trillion[6] (3rd)
 -  Per capita $33,478[6] (23rd)
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $5.273 trillion[6] (2nd)
 -  Per capita $41,366[6] (17th)
Gini  38.1 (2002)[7] 
HDI (2007) increase 0.884[8] (very high) (11th)
Currency International Symbol ¥ Pronounced (Yen)
Japanese Symbol (or in Traditional Kanji) Pronounced (En) (JPY)
Time zone JST (UTC+9)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Date formats yyyy-mm-dd
Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code JP
Internet TLD .jp
Calling code 81
Japan (/dʒəˈpæn/  ( listen); Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon), officially the State of Japan (日本国

Vatican City

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Vatican City State
Stato della Città del Vaticano[1]
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem"Inno e Marcia Pontificale"  (Italian)
"Pontifical Anthem and March"
Location of  Vatican City  (green)on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Vatican City  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital Vatican City[2]
41°54′N 12°27′E / 41.9°N 12.45°E / 41.9; 12.45
Official language(s) Italian[3]
Ethnic groups  Italians, Swiss (Swiss Guards), other[4]
Government Ecclesiastical,[5]
 -  Sovereign Pope Benedict XVI
 -  President of the Government Giovanni Lajolo
Independence from the Kingdom of Italy 
 -  Lateran Treaty 11 February 1929 
 -  Total 0.44 km2 (231st)
0.17 sq mi 
 -  July 2009 estimate 826[7] (220th)
 -  Density 1877/km2 (6th)
4,859/sq mi
Currency Euro (€)[8][9] (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right[note 1]
Internet TLD .va
Calling code +379[10]

New Orleans

City of New Orleans
Ville de La Nouvelle-Orléans
Orleans Parish
—  City and Parish  —
From top left: A typical New Orleans mansion off St. Charles Avenue, a streetcar passing by Loyola University and Tulane University, the skyline of the Central Business District, Jackson Square, and a view of Royal Street in the French Quarter.


Nickname(s): "The Crescent City", "The Big Easy", "The City That Care Forgot", "Nawlins" and "NOLA" (acronym for New Orleans, Louisiana).
Location in the State of Louisiana
City of New Orleans is located in the USA
City of New Orleans
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 29°57′53″N 90°4′14″W / 29.96472°N 90.07056°W / 29.96472; -90.07056
Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Parish New Orleans, Louisiana flag.svg Orleans
Founded 1718
 - Mayor Mitch Landrieu (D)
 - City and Parish 350.2 sq mi (907 km2)
 - Land 180.6 sq mi (467.6 km2)
 - Water 169.7 sq mi (439.4 km2)
 - Metro 3,755.2 sq mi (9,726.6 km2)
Elevation -6.5 to 20 ft (-2 to 6 m)
Population (2008[1])
 - City and Parish 336,644
 Density 2,518/sq mi (973/km2)
 Metro 1,235,650(2,009)
 - Demonym New Orleanian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 504


Flag Coat of arms
AnthemDeşteaptă-te, române!
Awaken, Romanian!

Location of  Romania  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Romania  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

(and largest city)
Bucharest (Bucureşti)
44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.1°E / 44.417; 26.1
Official language(s) Romanian1
Ethnic groups  89.5% Romanians, 6.6% Hungarians, 2.5% Romma, 1.4% other minority groups
Demonym Romanian
Government Semi-presidential republic
 -  President Traian Basescu (PD-L)
 -  Prime Minister Emil Boc (PD-L)
 -  Pres of Senate Mircea Geoană (PSD)
 -  Chamber Pres Roberta Anastase (PD-L)
Legislature Parlamentul României
 -  Upper House Senate
 -  Lower House Chamber of Deputies
 -  Transylvania 1003 
 -  Wallachia 1290 
 -  Moldavia 1346 
 -  First Unification 1599 
 -  Reunification of Valahia and Moldavia January 24, 1859 
 -  Officially recognised independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878 
 -  Unification with Transylvania December 1, 1918 
EU accession January 1, 2007
 -  Total 238,391 km2 (82nd)
92,043 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 3
 -  July 2009 estimate &000000002221542100000022,215,421[1] (51st)
 -  2002 census 21,680,974 
 -  Density 90/km2 (104th)
233/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $258.892 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $12,131[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $168.644 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $7,902[2] 
Gini (2005) 31 (low) (21st)
HDI (2010) increase 0.767[3] (high) (50th)
Currency Romanian leu (RON)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code RO
Internet TLD .ro4
Calling code 40
1 Other languages, such as Hungarian, German, Turkish, Crimean Tatar, Greek, Romani, Croatian, Macedonian, Ukrainian and Serbian, are official at various local levels.
2 Romanian War of Independence.
3 Treaty of Berlin.
4 The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

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